Have you ever been invited to those parties that a friend of a friend hosts? Everybody at the party sort of indirectly knows each other – but is only truly linked to each other by the party’s host. For me, events like this are where my 2 days in Prague get brought up the most, and it usually goes like this:
While at a travel event helping myself to some pretentious cheese and crackers, an individual will recognize me, approach me and say:
“Hey, you’re the guy with the travel blog, right?”
Me: “Yes, that’s me.”
Individual: “I think I’ve seen your videos on Youtube; they are great!”
Me: “Thanks. Did you subscribe to the channel?”
Individual: “Oh, right, I’ve been meaning to; I’ve just been busy.”
Then comes the million-dollar question.
Individual: “So you travelled a lot; what’s your favourite place?
My inside voice: “Really? So I need to choose one single place? I’ve been to several cities and towns, in several countries over a few continents and with so many experiences and stories and adventures. To continue this pointless conversation, I need to narrow everything down to one city?!?!”
Me: “I don’t have one.”
Individual: “Well, if I’m travelling to Europe for the first time, what city would you recommend for my wife and me?
Me: “Two days in Prague, Czech Republic.”
Individual: “Prague, eh, why?”
Me: “Prague is a walkable city. From the Jewish Quarter to the Old Town to the castle, making a Prague 2 day itinerary less rushed and more relaxed. The Czech Republic produces some of the greatest beer you will ever drink, and it’s not expensive. Prague, in general, is not too expensive. Overflowing with charm, you can find old towns, churches, bridges, alleyways, and hipster cafes – there’s a picture-perfect moment around every corner. Praised as the “heart of Europe,” many contend that Prague is even more beautiful than Paris, but hell, if you go there solely for the beer, you’ll be happy.”
My inside voice: “Now run along and let me enjoy my cheese and crackers.”
Introduction to the City of Prague
- The earliest known settlers in the area that became Prague were the Celts. The city was founded in 885 by Prince Bořivoj of the Premyslid Dynasty and was given the name Praha, derived from the Czech word for ‘Threshold’.
- Prague has been a major settlement since its founding in the 9th century in the country’s northwest region. It served as the capital of the Kingdom of Bohemia and later the Austro-Hungarian Empire.
- Prague was an important political and cultural center in the Kingdom of Bohemia during the Middle Ages. In 1257, King Ottokar II built the first stone bridge over the Vltava River, which linked Prague to the royal palace and Prague Castle.
- In 1338, Charles IV became the first Holy Roman Emperor to rule Prague, and he founded Charles University, making it the oldest university in Central Europe.
- In 1918, Czechoslovakia became an independent country and Prague was made the capital. During World War II, Prague was occupied by the Nazis.
- In November 1989, Czechoslovakia underwent the Velvet Revolution, transitioning to liberal democracy. This sparked national aspirations among Slovaks, leading to the Hyphen War. Eventually, on January 1, 1993, the country peacefully split into the Czech Republic and Slovakia.
- In modern times, Prague has been an important cultural and economic center of central Europe, with a growing reputation as one of Europe’s most beautiful and livable cities.
Getting To Prague
Plane – What is the best way to get from Prague airport to City Centre?
The quickest and cheapest way to get from Prague airport to the City Centre is by using public transport. You can find the bus stop right in front of Terminal 2. Purchase a 90min ticket (32CZK) to take the bus 119 to the Nadrazi Veleslavin stop and then use the same ticket for the metro. Alternatively, if you don’t want to take public transport, Uber is quite popular in the Czech Republic and costs around 15 EUR, or you can book an airport transfer for a hassle-free journey.
Bus and Train
Arriving in Prague by bus or train? Hlavní nádrazí bus and train terminal is your go-to destination. Once you get there, you can transfer onto Prague metro’s Line C (red line) and get to your destination. You can also walk around the city’s old town area or take the metro or tram. You can also download a ride-sharing app like Bolt, a more popular choice than Uber.
Getting Around Prague + Tips
Exploring Prague is easy, with numerous options to choose from. If you need a convenient ride from the airport to your hotel, try the affordable Shared Shuttle Transfers.
Walking around the city centre is the best way to take in the sights. Charles Bridge is just one of the many tourist attractions within easy reach. Buses and trams are a great alternative if you stay on the city’s outskirts. The Hop-on, Hop-off Sightseeing Bus is always another great way to get around the city! Be wary of the taxis, though.
The basic charge is 60 Czech crowns, approximately 2.40 euros, and the cost per kilometre is 36 Czech crowns or around 1.45 euros.
It is recommended that tourists avoid taking a taxi near tourist points. The risk of being overcharged is so high that even Prague locals do not take taxis from these locations. It is best to take advantage of the comprehensive public transport system instead.
You can book a taxi in several ways: by phone, by app or at a taxi stand. The taxi sign on top of the vehicle will be illuminated when it is available.
2 Days In Prague (Day 1) – The Ultimate Prague Itinerary
Let us begin our journey east of the Vltava River, where we’ll explore a unique blend of modern art and stunning Art Nouveau houses. This is what comes to mind when we think of Europe – its medieval alleyways and quaint cobblestone streets full of vibrant, old buildings. A stroll in the Old Town – a tourist haven – will be a pleasurable experience.
The Old Town is a historical district in Prague, Czech Republic. It is one of the most visited places in Prague, full of historic architecture, many shops, restaurants, cafes and bars, as well as several tourist attractions.
The Old Town Alleys
Prague’s medieval settlement, or Staré Město Pražské, was founded in the 9th century and exploring the Old Town district on foot is the best way to experience it and find some hidden artwork and gems. Its cobblestone streets, old houses, and grand medieval towers are mixed with modern art pieces, giving it that “heart of Europe, more beautiful than Paris” vibe that we Westerners feel the need to debate.
Either way, Prague is a classic example of Central European charm. Check out the hanging Freud, Frank Kafka’s moving head, Umbrella Hanging Man, Municipal House, and Powder Tower.
For a unique experience, take a Prague Ghost Tour to explore the less popular places, hear stories of dark legends, and even visit spots related to Prague’s eerie past.
Jewish Quarter (Josefov)
The Jewish Quarter must be included when discussing what to do in Prague. Situated between Old Town Square and the Vltava River, it has a history dating back to the 13th century when Jews were prohibited from living in separate dwellings and instead had to settle in this area of Prague, including those expelled from Germany, Austria, Moravia, and Spain.
This overcrowding led to numerous structural changes that the inhabitants had to endure.
The Old-New Synagogue, the oldest surviving synagogue in Europe, has been a place of worship for more than seven centuries. Located in the Prague Jewish Ghetto, the building contains captivating myths and legends.
Old Jewish Cemetery
National Geographic magazine has named the Jewish cemetery one of the top ten cemeteries to visit worldwide because it is the oldest surviving Jewish burial ground. Approximately 12,000 tombstones can be found within the cemetery, with notable figures such as the scholar and poet Avigdor Kara, the scholar and teacher Rabbi Judah Loew Ben Bezalel, and the founder of Pinkas Synagogue being buried here.
Jewish Ceremonial Hall
The Ceremonial Hall, built in the Neo-Romanesque style between 1906 and 1908, was located next to the Old Jewish Cemetery on the site of a former mortuary used by the Prague Burial Society (Hevrah Kaddisha).
It had a room dedicated to the ritual washing of the dead on the first floor and the burial society’s club room on the second. It served its original purpose until the end of the First World War and later became part of the Jewish Museum in 1926.
The Horowitz family built the building in 1535 between Aaron Meshullam Horowitz’s house U Erbů and the Old Jewish Cemetery. In the post-war years, it was transformed into a Memorial to Czech and Moravian Jews who were victims of Nazi persecution. From 1992 to 1996, the 80,000 names of the Czech and Moravian Jews who had died under the Nazis were inscribed on the synagogue’s walls.
The Maisel Synagogue was constructed in 1592, with Emperor Rudolf II granting the necessary privilege.
Its creator was Mordecai Maisel, the Mayor of the Prague Jewish Town. Judah Tzoref de Herz and Josef Wahl were the masterminds behind the original Renaissance temple, which featured three naves, which was rare for that time. Sadly, the synagogue was destroyed during the Prague ghetto fire of 1689 and had to be reconstructed.
Finally, in 1893-1905, Professor A Grotte gave it its current Neo-Gothic form.
Constructed in the late 19th century, the Spanish Synagogue in Prague has become essential to the city’s history. Serving as the only surviving Moorish Revival synagogue in central Europe, the synagogue was built to accommodate the influx of Spanish Jews that sought refuge in Prague during the 1880s.
Not only a cultural icon, the building was also used by Nazi forces as a storage unit for Jewish artifacts, leaving it near destruction. Fortunately, the synagogue was eventually restored and is now a protected site.
Municipal Library’s Idiom
Visiting the Municipal Library’s central entrance is a must for any lover of art and books. Here, you’ll find “Idiom”, an incredible long-term installation comprising hundreds of books stacked in a vertical tunnel. Peek inside the teardrop-shaped hole to experience being ‘drowned in a well of books’. Mirrors are set at both ends, creating the illusion that the tunnel goes on forever. It’s the perfect spot for a new profile picture!
Clementium | Klementinum
Located close to Charles Bridge, the Clementium, spanning two hectares, is one of the largest complexes in Europe. The Baroque library hall is privately owned, so photography is not allowed. Inside, there are myriad rare and medieval books, some of which are the only copies, and a few massive antique globes.
To enter the library, you must join a tour which is usually held in English and lasts an hour. You’ll also get to visit the Meridian hall, used to calculate noon, and the top of the Astronomical Tower, standing 68 meters high, to admire the view of Prague’s historical center and the Vltava River.
The world’s third-oldest astronomical clock was installed in 1410 and is still operational today.
Its mechanism consists of three elements: an astronomical dial indicating the position of the Sun and Moon and displaying various astronomical features; statues of Catholic saints placed on either side of the clock; and an hourly show called “The Walk of the Apostles” featuring Apostles figures and sculptures, along with a skeletal figure of Death that strikes the hour.
Additionally, a calendar dial showcases medallions depicting the months.
Old Town Square
At Old Town Square in Prague, Central Gallery brings together three of the most famous artists in the world – Salvador Dalí, Alfons Mucha, and Andy Warhol – under one roof in a three-story building. This is the largest collection of these artists in one place, and Central Gallery strives to present them in a new and interesting way while helping visitors understand the ties these artists have to the Czech Republic.
Jan Hus Monument
The Jan Hus Memorial stands at the one end of Prague’s Old Town Square in the Czech Republic.
This huge monument is meant to commemorate the victorious Hussite warriors and Protestants forced into exile two centuries after Hus lost the Battle of the White Mountain during the Thirty Years’ War.
It also depicts a young mother to symbolize national rebirth.
National Gallary (The Golz-Kinsky Palace)
Initially built for the Golz family between 1755 and 1765, the Prague Kinsky Palace is also known as the Golz-Kinský Palace.
Designed by Kilian Ignaz Dientzenhofer and constructed with Rococo styling, the exterior of the building is stucco painted in pink and white. In 1949, the palace was taken over and operated by the National Gallery and is now referred to as the Kinsky Palace National Gallery.
Some of the hidden gems of the palace include the roof adorned with statues by Ignaz Franz Platzer, the permanent collection of old-world paintings set in golden-bold frames, and modern marvels and travelling exhibits.
Stone Bell House
The house, under the administration of the National Gallery in Prague since 1988, is named after the stone bell embedded in its outside corner. This bell reminds John of Bohemia’s arrival in Prague in 1310, following a failed siege of the city by Henry of Bohemia.
The Central Gallery of Prague is a cultural monument to the city, boasting an incredibly diverse range of art and artifacts spanning centuries.
From Baroque to contemporary works, you’ll find something to captivate your inner artist at the Central Gallery. With a vast array of sculptures, paintings, and installations, you can explore the masterworks of famous Czech artists such as Alphonse Mucha, František Kupka, and Jan Pfeiffer.
Best of all, the main entrance is free.
Built between the mid-14th and early 16th centuries, Prague’s Gothic religious building is widely renowned for its impressive architecture. At the end of the 17th century, the interior of the building was remodelled in the Baroque style. Visitors to the cathedral can marvel at Gothic, Renaissance and Early Baroque artworks, such as Karel Škréta’s altar paintings and Tycho Brahe’s tomb. The most notable feature of the building is its 1673 organ – the oldest of its kind in Prague.
The Powder Gate Tower
The Powder Gate Tower, an iconic monument of Late Gothic Prague, was completed in 1475 and served as the starting point for the Coronation or Royal Route to Prague Castle. Containing a former gunpowder store, the Tower is a significant viewing gallery that stands 44 m high and is used in coronation processions of Czech kings to enter the Old Town.
Museum of Medival Torture Instruments
The Museum of Medival Torture Instruments is a great choice for the entire family, located conveniently near Old Town Square and does not disappoint. You’ll find actual torture instruments accompanied by illustrations and mannequins to demonstrate how the instruments worked. It’s fascinating to see the inventive methods used by medieval people to cause pain and suffering.
Sex Machine Museum
Sex Machines Museum is a sex museum that was opened in 2002 and is close to Old Town Square.
Its official website proudly proclaims it as “an exposition of mechanical erotic appliances, the purpose of which is to provide pleasure and enable extraordinary and extraordinary positions during intercourse”.
It is the only sex museum in the world devoted to sex machines. With three stories and approximately 200 devices, many are accompanied by flexible dummies to help visitors better comprehend the equipment. Among its collection are some of the devices that were made since the 16th century.
Construction of Prague’s Charles Bridge began in 1357 under the command of Charles IV and was completed in 1402, replacing the Judith Bridge that was badly damaged by floods in 1342.
The bridge is constructed of sandstone blocks and is protected by two fortified towers at each end (Lesser Town Bridge Towers, Old Town Bridge Tower). Since 1870, it has been officially named the Charles Bridge. From 1683 to 1928, thirty statues of saints were carved to decorate the bridge, with the most famous being the statue of St John of Nepomuk.
Old Bridge Tower
In the mid-14th century, Emperor Charles IV commissioned Petr Parléř to build the Old Town Bridge Tower and the Charles Bridge, one of the most beautiful Gothic gateways in the world. Constructed as a symbol of victory, it was also used as a passageway for Czech kings during their coronation processions. Visitors must climb the 138 steps to the viewing gallery to take in the breathtaking view.
Lesser Town Bridge Tower
These two towers, with a gate between them, form the entrance to the Lesser Town from the Charles Bridge. The smaller tower is an example of Romanesque architecture from the 12th century, though it has been remodelled with a Renaissance look from 1591. The taller Late Gothic tower is based on the Old Town Bridge Tower designed by Parléř in 1464. From its viewing gallery, visitors can take in the breathtaking views of the Vltava River and the historical city center.
Charles Bridge Museum
A museum dedicated to the second oldest stone bridge in the Czech Republic, the Charles Bridge, is located in the original Crusaders hospital and Church of the Holy Spirit close to the bridge itself. Visiting this unique place and its structure provides insight into the bridge’s history and role in the coronation of Czech kings who rode across it along the Royal Route.
The National Theatre of the Czech Republic is a monument to the country’s culture, built with donations from across the nation. It first opened in 1881, but after a devastating fire, it had to be reopened in 1883. Its spectacular exterior and interior designs, including golden embellishments and paintings by renowned 19th-century Czech painters such as Aleš, Ženišek, Hynais, and Myslbek, make it a sight to behold. Going to this theatre will give you an unforgettable experience of drama, opera, and ballet performances in stunning surroundings.
The Dancing House
In 1996, the iconic Dancing House, designed by world-renowned architects Vlado Milunić and Frank O. Gehry, “danced” onto the Rašínovo Embankment in Prague. The concept of the building was inspired by the dance skills of the famous film couple Fred Astaire and Ginger Rogers, with the stone tower symbolizing Astaire and the glass tower Rogers. Inside the Dancing House, visitors can find a gallery, restaurant, and terrace with a 360-degree view of Prague.
The Glass Bar
Located at the top of the opulent Dancing House building, just off the banks of the Vltava River, the Glass Bar is an idyllic café-style rooftop lounge with breathtaking views of the Prague Castle, the National Theatre, and the river.
The Ultimate Prague 2 Day Itinerary (Day Two)
Malá Strana, also known as Lesser Town, is a quaint hillside in Prague. It is a popular tourist destination with stunning views of the Vltava River and the old town. Visitors can find hotels, casual eateries and traditional pubs along the narrow streets.
Noteworthy attractions include the John Lennon Wall, where visitors can write messages to the late Beatle, and Kampa, a riverside area with fine dining establishments. The Franz Kafka Museum, which features displays of photos and letters, is another interesting spot to explore. Finally, the Wallenstein Garden is unique since it is home to peacocks that roam freely.
Prague Castle | Pražský hrad
Prague Castle has been an iconic symbol of the Czech state for over a thousand years.
Established in the 9th century, it served as a seat of power for Czech rulers and later presidents. With its historical palaces, offices, churches, fortifications, gardens, and breathtaking views, it is one of the world’s largest and most impressive castle complexes. Covering an area of 45 hectares, the panoramic vista of Prague Castle is simply stunning.
St. Vitus Cathedral
This ecclesiastical symbol of the Czech Republic, the Gothic cathedral, was erected in 1344 on the spot of a former Romanesque rotunda. It took almost 600 years to construct and finally finished in 1929.
Inside this impressive edifice, you will find the lavishly adorned St Wenceslas Chapel with the tomb of St Wenceslas, the crypt where Czech kings are entombed, and the Crown Chamber, the home of the Crown Jewels.
Our Lady Of Victorious Church
From 1611, the Carmelite order rebuilt this Early Baroque building from 1634 to 1669.
It is renowned for the statuette of the Infant Jesus of Prague, which originated in Spain and was gifted to the Carmelites by Polyxena of Lobkowicz in 1628. The figure has two crowns and approximately 46 robes, and its garments are changed around ten times every year in response to the liturgical season.
Additionally, a museum was created that displays articles of clothing and other spiritual objects.
The John Lennon Wall
The John Lennon Wall wall is an ever-changing artwork dedicated to the late musician John Lennon. With its vibrant colours, words and vibrant graffiti, the wall brings to life the ideas of peace and love that Lennon was known for.
The John Lennon Wall is a reminder of the human need for unity and connection, two values emphasized by the late musician. It’s an excellent reminder that we are all connected in some way and that our differences should be embraced to foster understanding and harmony.
The Petřín Tower
The Petřín Lookout Tower, an iconic feature of Prague, was constructed for the Jubilee Exhibition of 1891 and was modelled after the Eiffel Tower with a ratio of 1:5. at the height of 58.70 metres, 299 steps lead to its maximum peak, which is the same altitude as the Eiffel Tower. From its peak, visitors can view not only the city but also much of Bohemia if the weather is clear.
Franz Kafka – Rotating Head
Czech artist David Cerny unveiled his latest kinetic artwork, a 45-ton stainless steel mirrored bust depicting the head of writer Franz Kafka, in a busy shopping center in Prague in 2014. The sculpture brilliantly captures Kafka’s tortured personality and self-doubt that plagued him throughout his life, twisting and reflecting light in an impressive manner.
The Franz Kafka Museum
The Franz Kafka Museum is dedicated to the author Franz Kafka. It displays original first-edition Kafka books and facsimiles of letters, diaries, and drawings created by Kafka. The museum has been characterized as both literary and biographical.
It was first exhibited in Barcelona in 1999 as a part of a three-part exhibition that explored famous authors’ relationships to their cities, including James Joyce and Dublin and Fernando Pessoa and Lisbon.
Museum Kampa | Kampa
Museum Kampa is located in the Lesser Quarter and is housed in the former Sova Mills. It showcases the Jan and Meda Mládek Collection, containing works from renowned 20th-century Eastern bloc artists like František Kupka, the pioneer of abstract art, and Otto Gutfreund, the Czech Cubist sculptor. The museum’s goal is to remember and pay tribute to the period during which this art was created.
Church of St Nicholas
Prague’s most famous Baroque church is also one of the most valuable Baroque buildings north of the Alps. The dome has an impressive diameter of 20 m, and the interior height to the top of the lantern is over 49 m, making it the highest interior in Prague. It is also an outstanding example of high Baroque decoration. Concerts are held in the church year-round on the historic organ dating to the 18th century.
Founded in 1140, the Premonstratensian monastery complex contains the church of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary, the Strahov Library boasting numerous medieval manuscripts, maps, and globes, the Baroque Theological Hall, and the Classical Philosophy Hall decorated with frescoes. Additionally, the Strahov Gallery houses one of Central Europe’s most impressive collections of Gothic paintings, Rudolfian art, and Baroque and Rococo masterpieces.
Quick Tips For Your 2 Days In Prague
Best Time To Visit Prague
The best time to visit Prague is in the spring or autumn when the weather and temperatures are milder. The city is a great destination year-round, with Christmas and Easter being especially festive times to travel.
Must Eats In Prague
If your list of Prague things to do does not include beer…Rewrite your list. The best food in Prague is beer.
Prague Beer Museum
This pub has 30 beers at the tap and a menu of Czech bar snacks. With so many choices for beer in one of the cities world renowned for making amazing beer, it’s tough. In an attempt to stay sober during my time in Prague sampled a bunch but narrowed it down to 3 that I enjoyed.
- Velen – “A perfectly fermented golden amber English beer with a medium-sized creamy head, bouquet of malt, hops, and grass, Velen has a full caramel taste that is pleasantly sweet.”
- Gambrinus – The Nectar of Legends. No, seriously, named after Gambrinus, the legendary king of Flanders known for his mythical brewing abilities. Whaaaa.
- Staropramen – Founded in 1869, the Staropramen Brewery is the second-largest brewery in the Czech Republic.
Is beer cheaper than water in Prague? Yes, Yes, it is 😉
Trdelník is believed to have originated in the mid-19th century as a Slovak dish. In the 20th century, it became more widely known as a Moravian dish. The word trdelník is of Czech-Slovak origin; its root trdlo is derived from the wooden tool the cake ingredients are wrapped around to create its hollow shape, and can also refer to “simpleton” in English.
Prague cafes popularized the variation of trdelník with an ice cream filling.
Czech Beef Goulash | Hovězí Guláš
In the Czech Republic and Slovakia, Goulash (in Czech, “hovězí guláš s knedlíkem” and in Slovak, “hovädzí guláš s knedľou”) is typically made with beef, although pork varieties exist. It is usually served with boiled or steamed bread dumplings, and in Slovakia is typically garnished with slices of fresh onion and accompanied by beer.
Beer can also be added to the stew in the process of cooking. Seasonal varieties of goulash include venison or wild boar goulashes, and a popular variant is segedínský guláš (Székelygulyás), with sauerkraut.
An awesome travel blogging friend of mine, Holly McGuinn from HollyDayz Travel, found an awesome spot called U Medvidku
What To Buy In Prague
Bohemian glass, also known as Bohemia crystal, is made in the Czech Republic. For centuries, it has been widely acclaimed for its craftsmanship, beauty, and often unique designs. Bohemian glass usually comes in hand-cut, engraved, blown, and painted items such as champagne flutes, chandeliers, ornaments, figurines, and more. While in Prague, be sure to visit Erpet Bohemia Crystal .
These pieces are well-known and sought-after by tourists as souvenirs. Various studios and schools for glasswork can be found throughout the Czech Republic, where both local students and international students come to learn the art of Bohemian glasswork.
Wrapping Up Your Perfect Prague 2 Day Itinerary
Honestly, Prague is one of my favourite cities. The city of a hundred spires is full of culture, history, and entertainment that can all easily be experienced quickly and on foot. There are plenty of great options in Prague, so prioritize your list to ensure all your must-sees get checked off. Here are 21 Things You Need To Know Before Visiting The Czech Capital.
The options are endless, from the stunningly beautiful Charles Bridge to historic Prague Castle and the breathtaking view from Petrin Hill. Whatever you choose, make sure you take time to soak in the unique atmosphere and enjoy the wonderful energy of this beautiful city – with a beer, of course.